理論語言學系列講座(十)

發布日期: 2020-12-18 瀏覽次數:
題目:話題、焦點和對照的非句法制圖研究框架
主講人:Marcel den Dikken 教授
時間:2020-12-18 17:20
地點:騰訊會議(ID:980 483 187)
主辦單位:北京語言大學語言學系
講座內容:

講座內容摘要(Abstract

This paper unfolds the contours of a novel non-cartographic outlook on the syntax of information structure based on the idea that topichood, focushood and contrast are all defined with reference to the nature and position of the gap linked to the fronted constituent rather than the fronted element itself. Topic and focus functions are relational, and syntactically represented as such, with topic–comment and focus–presupposition relationships being mediated by a RELATOR: (1). Fronted topics and foci (occupying the position of ‘XP’ in (1)) are associated with different types of empty categories in different positions within YP. The RP in (1) can be inserted in both the high and the low left periphery; YP is necessarily a phase in the case of topic–comment relations (to shield ec from local binding by XP), which restricts the syntax of such relations in revealing ways. The structure in (1) yields explanatory insight into the Verb Second and copula distribution properties of focus and topic fronting, and into the parameters of variation in the comparative syntax of focalisation and topicalisation. (1) also makes precise and accurate predictions about the syntax of (non-)restrictive relativisation and focus and topic fronting in conditional clauses.

 

(1) [RP XPi [RN RELATOR [YP ... eci ... ]]]

a. XP = FOCUS if ec = bound variable

b. XP = TOPIC if ec = resumptive proform

i XP = TOPIC[–CONTRAST] if ec = in-situ personal pronoun

ii XP = TOPIC[+CONTRAST] only if ec = ex-situ demonstrative


主講人簡介:

馬塞爾·鄧·迪克肯(Marcel den Dikken),(匈牙利)羅蘭大學(E?tv?s Loránd University)英語語言學系研究型教授,(匈牙利)語言研究院高級研究員,北京語言大學語言學系國際教授委員會成員。編有《劍橋生成語法手冊》,并參與編輯《自然語言與語言理論研究》系列叢書,曾任《自然語言與語言理論》主編。

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